In this article, you will get to know what is a hypervisor. You will get to know its main functions, working, types, benefits, and role in virtualization and cloud computing. A hypervisor, often known as a virtual machine monitor or VMM, is hardware or software that creates and manages virtual machines (VMs).

A hypervisor simply allows a host computer to share its resources, such as memory and computing, allowing it to manage many guests’ virtual machines (VMs). To run virtual machines (VMs), all hypervisors require some operating system-level components, including a memory manager, process scheduler, input/output (I/O) stack, device drivers, security manager, network stack, and more.


To understand the working of a hypervisor it is really important to understand the 2 types of it so I have explained them in this article along with their advantages and disadvantages. To clarify your thoughts, I have also described Hypervisor vs virtual machine. So let me give you a tone of knowledge about the hypervisor software.






The computer hardware or software is known as a hypervisor that enables you to host several virtual machines. Each virtual machine can run independent software. It is a method of hardware virtualization that enables the concurrent operation of many guests operating systems (OS) on a single host system.

You can access multiple virtual machines that are all efficiently running on a single piece of computer hardware thanks to a hypervisor. Cloud computing includes having access to a virtual machine hypervisor so you may perform your tasks from any location.

These virtual machines are controlled by a hypervisor. Each virtual machine or operating system you have will be able to run its programs with a hypervisor since it will look that the system has the processor, memory, and resources of the host hardware.

A virtual machine hypervisor is a program that offers partitioning, isolation, or abstraction. Another name for a hypervisor is a virtual machine manager (VMM). 


What is the main function of a hypervisor?

The following are the main functions of hypervisor software.

  • On a host machine, it is used to create and manage many VM instances.
  • It is a tool for filtering and verifying security credentials.
  • It is a tool for synchronizing a collection of sensors.
  • It is a piece of software used to organize and get data ready for analysis.
  • ISPs utilize it to keep track of the resources in cloud computing.

How does a hypervisor work

  • They can be physical, virtual, hardware-defined, or software-defined, and they all work at the server level.
  • They start the VMs’ client operating systems.
  • For each of the VMs, it distributes the computational resources, such as CPU, memory, bandwidth, and disc storage.
  • It achieves this by establishing hardware resource pools, which it subsequently allots to virtual machines (VMs).
  • Through API calls, VMs can issue requests to the hypervisor.

By adding a layer between software and hardware, hypervisors facilitate the creation and management of virtual machines (VMs). Hypervisor software enables virtualization by converting requests from physical to virtual resources (CPU, RAM, and Storage) and vice versa.

By separating a computer’s software and hardware, hypervisors enable the development and control of virtual machines (VMs). By converting requests between the physical and virtual resources, hypervisors enable virtualization.

A computer’s operating system can sometimes access and use bare-metal hypervisors by being integrated into the firmware at the same level as the motherboard’s basic input/output system (BIOS). Knowing the various types of hypervisors is crucial to know how hypervisors work.



Following are the two types of hypervisors.



Type 1 hypervisors are sometimes known as “bare metal” hypervisors since they are installed directly on the physical server. Type 1 hypervisors are extremely effective since they have direct access to the physical server’s resources. Type 1 hypervisors are safer thanks to this design, which reduces the attack surface and the risk of compromise. Because of their outstanding security, scalability, stability, and performance, Type 1 hypervisors are by far the most popular option in enterprise IT contexts. The most popular hypervisors include Citrix Hypervisor, Microsoft Hyper-V, VMware ESXi, and Nutanix AHV.


ADVANTAGES: Because they have direct access to the hardware resources, these hypervisors are particularly effective (like Cpu, Memory, Network, and Physical storage). Because there are no third-party resources of any kind, security is strengthened because an adversary cannot compromise anything.


Cons: One issue with Type-1 hypervisors is that they typically require a separate, dedicated machine to run them, give instructions to various VMs, and manage the host hardware resources.



The difference between type 2 hypervisor software is that they execute as programs on the installed OS of a real server. They are also referred to as “hosted” hypervisors because they operate on the host OS, which stands in between the physical server and the hypervisor. Given that Type 2 hypervisors have more latency and risk exposure than Type 1, they are not recommended for server-based settings. However, they are reasonably simple to set up and can be effective in certain situations, such as for individual PC users who need to run multiple operating systems and when security and performance are secondary issues.


Advantages: These hypervisors make it simple and quick to access a guest operating system while the host computer is still operational These hypervisors often come with additional beneficial elements for guest machines. The cooperation between the host machine and the guest machine is improved by such tools.


Cons: Because there is no direct access to the physical hardware resources, these hypervisors perform less efficiently than type-1 hypervisors. Additionally, there may be security risks because an attacker may exploit a security flaw to gain access to the host operating system and the guest operating system.

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Role of the hypervisor in virtualization

  • Virtualization can only be made possible with the hypervisor. 
  • The hypervisor, in its simplest form, is specialized hardware or software—or both—installed on a single piece of hardware that enables you to host many virtual machines. 
  • The hypervisor, in its simplest form, is specialized hardware or software—or both—installed on a single piece of hardware that enables you to host many virtual machines. 
  • It enables the sharing of physical hardware between various virtual machines. 
  • A host machine is a computer that a hypervisor uses to execute one or more virtual computers. 

What is a hypervisor in cloud computing?

As cloud computing grows more popular, the hypervisor has evolved into a critical tool for managing virtual machines and encouraging creativity in a cloud setting. The technology that enables cloud computing relies heavily on hypervisors, a layer of software that enables one host computer to support several virtual machines at once.

Hypervisors enable users to access cloud-based apps in a virtual environment, but IT can still maintain control over the cloud environment’s infrastructure, applications, and sensitive data.



Following is the difference between the hypervisor and virtual machine.





Instead of making a physical version, it creates a virtual one using the software.



It is used for Virtual machine creation and management software.



By evenly spreading a physical machine’s capabilities among many users and contexts, it typically enables the full usage of the machine.



By sharing its resources electronically, it often enables one host computer to support a variety of guest virtual computers.



Its primary purpose is to manage workloads by fundamentally altering conventional computing to make it more scalable.



Its primary duty is to effectively distribute system resources to each managed virtual machine.



It is the most efficient solution for small to large businesses to lower IT costs and increase productivity and agility.



It is the most efficient technique to check whether virtual machines are performing smoothly, effectively, and cost-effectively, among other things.



It is typically used to test applications across several OS systems, conserve physical space, lower costs, boost productivity, etc.



It is typically used for a variety of functions like cloud computing, managing servers, executing OS-compatible programs, etc.



Control independence, DevOps, improved resiliency, less downtime, simplified data center management, etc. are some of its benefits.



Among its benefits are server consolidation, desktop virtualization, data replication, etc.



Compared to hypervisors, it is more economical.



Compared to virtualization, it is less cost-effective.






Following are the benefits of the hypervisor software.


  • Speed- Unlike bare metal servers, it enables the immediate construction of virtual computers. As a result, configuring resources to meet the demands of dynamic workloads is made simpler.
  • Consolidation of servers 
  • Efficiency– By running numerous virtual machines on a single physical machine’s resources, one physical server can be used more wisely. It is more economical to run numerous virtual machines on a single physical machine as opposed to several idle actual machines.
  • Data replication
  • Adaptability- The operating system and the applications connected to it can run on a variety of hardware thanks to the bare metal hypervisor. The operating system and the fundamental hardware are separated by the hypervisor; thus the program is no longer dependent on particular hardware or drivers.
  • Resource Management
  • PORTABILITY- Multiple operating systems may run on the same physical server thanks to portability (host machine). The running virtual computers are portable since they are not dependent on real hardware. IT teams can move workloads between machines or platforms as needed, allocating networking, memory, storage, and processor resources across numerous servers. The virtualization software enables applications to easily access extra machines when they are required to have more processing power.
  • Mirroring the desktop environment



The conclusion of (what is a hypervisor) is that software that generates and manages virtual computers is known as a hypervisor (VMs). The construction and management of virtual machines are made possible by a hypervisor, also known as a virtual machine monitor (VMM), which isolates its operating system and resources from the virtual machines.

It has a main function which includes that it is used to build and manage several VM instances on a host machine, it serves as a filter and credential-verification tool, a device used to synchronize a group of sensors, ISPs use it to manage the resources in cloud computing, and it is software used to organize and prepare data for analysis.

The understanding of the working of hypervisors relies on the understanding of Type 1 hypervisors, and Type 2 hypervisors. Hypervisors play their role in virtualization and cloud computing which I have explained above. Increase your knowledge about hypervisors by reading the above article.

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